It’s a pdf, but someone else typed them up, so I don’t have to finish that project, hehe.
Share and enjoy, with all sincerity and affection in Christ.
It’s a pdf, but someone else typed them up, so I don’t have to finish that project, hehe.
Share and enjoy, with all sincerity and affection in Christ.
Median duration of first marriage for American women is 20.8 years and for remarriage is 14.5 years, with the South and Midwest having longer median durations in both cases. West and East have shorter median durations.
Pdf report with more details on marriage duration here.
Longer life expectancy means the current later marriage ages aren’t so bad, since it means longer marriages. Men have 15 or more years on their 1890 counterparts and women have decades more on theirs.
The takeaway is that divorce isn’t as rampant as some make out and marriages are lasting pretty long, and, well, Americans have been taking the fertility hit to marry later and in a better financial position for a long long time except for a brief 15 year blip.
Ok not really, it’s a Census news release about some of the demographics of IT work though. Relevant parts to my title are bolded.
Number of IT Workers Has Increased Tenfold Since 1970, Census Bureau Reports
NEWS RELEASE: CB16-139
Workers Earn Almost Twice As Much As Other Occupations
AUG. 16, 2016 — The number of information technology (IT) workers now stands at 4.6 million, compared with just 450,000 in 1970 according to a new report from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. This upsurge means that IT workers now represent 2.9 percent of the U.S. labor force.
“The Census Bureau first identified IT occupations in the 1970 Census,” Julia Beckhusen said, a senior economist in the Census Bureau’s Industry and Occupation Statistics Branch. “At that time, there were only three IT occupation categories. That number grew to 12 by 2010 as the variety of work continued to increase.”
IT workers are more likely to be men, and on average, they earn more than their female counterparts do ($82,370 median earnings compared with $72,035). The proportion of women in IT occupations peaked at 31 percent in 1990 and declined to 25 percent in 2014. In comparison, the proportion of women in all occupations has increased over time, from 38 percent in 1970 to 47 percent in 2014.
Median annual earnings of IT occupation workers were $80,665 in 2014, or almost twice as much as the median earnings of the total workforce in 2014.
The median earnings, adjusted for inflation, for both men and women in IT occupations rose between 1970 and 2014. In contrast, male workers in the overall workforce experienced earnings declines, while median earnings for women rose.
The highest earning IT occupations were computer and information research scientists, software developers, applications and system software, computer and information systems managers, and computer network architects, each with median earnings of $90,000 or more. A higher share of workers in these occupations also had advanced degrees. For instance, 52 percent of computer and information research scientists had at least a master’s degree. Additionally, 22 percent of IT workers had a master’s degree or higher compared with 12 percent for all workers.
IT workers were twice as likely to work at home as all workers (10 percent compared with 4 percent). Web developers had the highest rate (20 percent) of working at home, compared with other IT occupations. Moreover, web developers had among the highest rates of self-employment (21 percent).
IT workers also tend to be younger. More than half (55 percent) were between the ages of 25 and 44 compared with 43 percent of all workers. Within the IT occupations, web developers were among the youngest with 38 percent between the ages of 25 and 34 and 11 percent between the ages of 16 and 24.
These statistics come from the Occupations in Information Technology report that uses statistics from decennial censuses and the American Community Survey to explore trends and characteristics of IT workers and describes the growth and increasing complexity of the IT workforce in the United States during the past half century.
· In 2014, 18 percent of IT workers were Asian compared with 6 percent of all workers.
· Software developers, applications and systems software is the largest IT occupation, accounting for 25 percent of all IT workers.
· Database administrators had among the highest percentage of women (38 percent) but also had among the largest wage gap between men and women where men’s median earnings were $86,855 compared with $56,890 for women.
· IT workers had a higher percentage of full-time, year-round workers at 87 percent versus 69 percent of the total employed.
· IT occupations had a higher rate of foreign-born workers, 24 percent compared with 17 percent of total employed. Looking at the largest IT occupation, software developers, applications and systems software, 39 percent were foreign-born.
About the American Community Survey
The American Community Survey is the only source of small area estimates for social and demographic characteristics of the U.S. population. It gives communities the current information they need to plan investments and services. Retailers, homebuilders, police departments, and town and city planners are among the many private- and public-sector decision makers who count on these annual results. Visit the ACS helps communities page to see some examples.
These statistics would not be possible without the participation of the randomly selected households in the survey.
This one industry disproportionately contains married households with 3 or more children and disproportionately contains SAHMs in those households.
The implications of that plus the bolded stuff left as an exercise.
Freckles (1904) is the prequel to the much better known A Girl of the Limberlost. When it was first published, it was confused for one of her “pure” nature picture books. I greatly hope to score one of those editions someday.
Stratton-Porter’s nature-worship permeates both books, as does what amounts to her HBD style racial views. People are quality because they come from literal “good blood”. There’s also a lot of modern touches, like limiting how many children you have to go all-in on one prized child, along with the obsession with diet and physical exercise as moral worth measures.
Stratton-Porter is a good writer, great when talking about nature and also adept at not letting her stranger themes overwhelm the core romantic nature of her books. But it was a bit surreal to see many of the things I lament in modern American culture were present a century earlier and are American traditions, as it happens. I’m still navigating this fact, that American traditions are so anti-social and self-focused, but there you are. Another interesting aspect of this book is how the innocence of the pure young woman who is Freckles’ love interest is not gullible or naive, but cautious.
The girls in Stratton-Porter books are not steeped in the grosser ways of the world, but they aren’t deluded that some men are not honorable and that even men who look honorable might turn out otherwise if given license. I think it’s interesting that early 20th century teenage girls were getting this kind of literature written for them, that encouraged them to be intelligent or at least self-directed in learning, well-kept in dress and manner, and to desire marriage, but to build interests before marriage that could be maintained in content singlehood if marriage never came around.
That theme is more developed in the sequel, but it’s still present in Freckles, where the Swamp Angel (Freckle’s love interest) is a soda artisan at the local soda fountain. Her drinks are the very best and she makes them for new people in town. She’s also the daughter of the richest man in town and exceptionally beautiful and in Austenian terms “condescending to all”. She is especially kind to Freckles, who is missing a hand due to a brutal childhood accident that has major plot significance in the last quarter or so of the book.
Freckles is himself an orphan who ends up working for a tough, smart, meritocratic Scotchman guarding lumber and being quasi-adopted by the foreman’s wife. The various digressions on the high-end lumber market are fascinating, as they show that even a century plus ago the “cheap luxury” of veneers and patinas was well established and a path to great profits for the ones who owned the thousands or hundreds of acres with the right kinds of trees on them.
Freckles does great at guarding lumber and winning the heart of Swamp Angel. He does anger a lumber thief and there’s some confrontations and dramatic action sequences, including Swamp Angel having to stand down the lumber thief’s gang with just the power of her beauty and well-bredness. And also a gun.
There’s also an author insert called the Bird Woman, who provides Swamp Angel with said gun and provides some support to Freckles in his quest to learn his parentage. Everyone says he is just too excellent mannered and upstanding to be an orphan from some trash background with cruel ill-bred parents. And, well, the reader eventually learns that indeed he is something else entirely and that the accident that cost him his hand had nothing to do with his parents. Since I am going to discuss all Stratton-Porter’s books, I will spoiler the surprise. Freckles is of noble birth and secretly very wealthy, and thus totally worthy to marry the daughter of the richest man in town.
I could easily spend a week’s worth of posts on each of her books. But this is just a very little introduction as I go through them all in publishing order.
The original (1881) book of Heidi by Johanna Spyri is fascinating and charming and did not leave my eyes dry reading it. It was written during a time when there was great concern about children leaving the healthy country air for the dankness and blandness of the cities.
Much like Pollyanna, it contains the peculiar frankness of tone that older children’s literature had. If you’ve read the original Grimm’s Tales in their 1880s form, the language is very similar.
But what I didn’t know from watching random pieces of the several film versions through the years was that it provided the young reader with two different messages of God’s love regarding physical health. Heidi loves people very much and wants to help them. The book provides two instances of her being able to help people with love (and good food). They are messages of God’s love because Heidi is taught why in one case that though she has done good and the person’s life is better and their joy in Christ is the greater the physical healing she hopes for will not happen in this world. In the other case the physical healing happens, but it is not due to the love and good food, but rather to an opening of the person’s heart more fully to God and the manifestation was physical healing.
The first person was open to God already and was the means by which Heidi could learn more about God. It was the other way around in the second case.
I can’t wait until my girls are old enough to read it for themselves.
This is kind of an overview of the Little House On the Prairie books, hereafter LHOTP, as is common when discussing them online. I recently read the original eight book series and it was truly astonishing how much autonomy and independence Laura’s mother and Almanzo’s mother had.
There is a fascinating phenomenon in which this cultural bedrock of Americana is being transmitted solely through (mostly Frontier-American) women and Frontier-American men are basically ignorant of a major piece of where their women’s beliefs about home and family are coming from.
So Ma and Mother are these women who have a huge span of responsibility and authority, along with far above average native talent and skills in the homemaking arts of their eras, but this has not become codified as any sort of serious norm for housewives/SAHMs. Caroline Ingalls was a truly astonishing cook, with a high level of natural understanding of chemistry and plants to be able to cook on an unreliable stove with inconsistent heat and a nearly random selection of ingredients sprung on her at any point in time. She was also a truly above average hand sewer. Mrs. Wilder was a weaver and a food processor extraordinaire, whose skill with cloth and butter making accounted for much of that family’s cash income and nearly all their clothing and linens.
And Mrs. Wilder’s workspace is arranged and designed to suit her, so she can be the most highly productive she can be for her family. Almanzo’s child’s eyes view of her weaving room is very insightful, you see a little boy who expects a grown woman to have her own separate space that Father doesn’t have any input into, beyond making it to her specifications. You see a little of this in how Almanzo sets up the house for Laura when they marry. He assumes it’s important for her to have things set up so she can be as effective/efficient as possible.
This was actually an interesting subtheme in a lot of early 20th century writing, because men were still building a lot of the houses directly and the whole notion that you needed to make the wife-offices, so to speak, tailored to your own wife’s skills was one that crops up in a lot of the women’s writing of those early decades. Like, you were supposed to get a spec list out of her and then make it happen.
It’s interesting that the Frontier-American subcultures who are most into LHOTP as a world and worldview tend to not allow the wives and daughters and sisters the sort of free hand that was clearly not at all outside the norms of the era (late 19th century). There are a number of reasons for this, not least of which is the desire to believe there is no skill in domestic arts precisely because of the increasing arrival of mechanization and automation.
A lot of other things about LHOTP struck me as I was reading, but this one, that the two main mamas were badasterisk but also very lightly headed by (some) modern standards despite not at all being psychically of one accord with their husband’s desires and wishes was one of the bigger ones.
I always wondered what the original book of Pollyanna was like and so I recently read it. Unlike the reviews describe and what I’ve seen of the movie, the book is very sophisticated and mature for a kid’s tale.
The Glad game (trying to find the gladness in some terrible situation, the core of the book) is more about clinging to God when all else has deserted you than some kind of in-born natural good cheer about everything, which is kind of how Pollyanna is presented and what her name’s become a byword for. That’s what Pollyanna’s father was doing when he taught it to her as they stood looking at a missionary barrel with crutches in it instead of a doll, after many barrels with almost literal trash in them. Pollyanna’s life is brutally hard and her quest to find the light in it is what inspires the rest of the town to suck up their own problems and look for any bit of gladness.
Weirdly I looked up reviews of this book and nobody mentioned the strong anti-divorce message, in which Pollyanna, an 11yo girl, keeps a wife who accepts gifts from other men from divorcing her drinking, cursing, brawling husband and possibly abandoning her children through the Glad Game and also just socializing with the couple’s kids. The husband and wife decide they need to both stop their sketchy, trashy ways and stick closer to each other. Pollyanna is quite aware of what’s going on without anyone having to break it down for her. She was a missionary’s kid out in California. She probably saw quite a bit, if the adults around her in her New England small town thought about it. That’s what I mean when I say it’s surprisingly mature.
I did not count like Pollyanna’s preacher father did, but knowing that there probably are 800 verses commanding us to be glad and rejoice had me crying with joy. Something to do one of these days, anyhow.
There’s also some very sophisticated and cynical material about Pollyanna’s options as an orphan, and again, I continue to be set down about my preconceptions of “old” books, particularly old kids’ books.
But, brass tacks and all. Top 1% starts at 430k/year, for 2014 incomes.
Top 30-50%: 55k-85k
Top 25-30%: 86k-96k
Top 10-25%: 97k-150k
Top 6-10%: 155k-205k
Top 5%: 210k-230k
Top 4%: 235k-260k
Top 3%: 270k-320k
Top 2%: 340k-420k
Look at how narrow the ranges are, even for the highest income levels. It’s really hard to get up into the higher percents even with two incomes.